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26 records – page 1 of 3.

Document Type
Evidence Search Report
Review Code
PH061201-01 ESR
Question Submitted
June 12, 2020
Date Completed
June 12, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Public Health
Document Type
Evidence Search Report
Review Code
PH061201-01 ESR
Question Submitted
June 12, 2020
Date Completed
June 12, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Public Health
Category
Infection Prevention and Control
Subject
Communal Living
Transmission
Population
All Pediatrics
All adults
Aged (80+)
Clinical Setting
Community
Public Health
Priority Level
Level 3 completed within 2-3 days
Cite As
Howell-Spooner, B; Miller, L. How are Hutterite colonies responding to and coping with COVID-19 prevention and outbreaks? 2020 Jun 12; Document no.: PH061201-01 ESR. In: COVID-19 Rapid Evidence Reviews [Internet]. SK: SK COVID Evidence Support Team, c2020. 10 p. (CEST evidence search report)
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Document Type
Rapid Review
Review Code
PH061201 RR
Question Submitted
June 12, 2020
Date Completed
June 12, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Public Health
Document Type
Rapid Review
Review Code
PH061201 RR
Question Submitted
June 12, 2020
Date Completed
June 12, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Public Health
Key Findings
The Hutterian Safety Council has established a COVID-19 taskforce to provide guidance for communities to best prevent and cope with COVID-19
Only one published study has investigated the prevalence of coronaviruses in relation to influenza vaccination/infection in Hutterite populations. This study found that coronaviruses are much less prevalent than influenza, entero/rhinoviruses and pediatric RSV and that it occurred in all age groups.
This study also found a high degree of co-circulation of other respiratory viruses along with influenza, which invites the questioning of signs/symptoms falsely attributed to influenza and therefore influencing empiric use of antivirals
Most studies available focus on influenza, polio and other common vaccine-preventable childhood communicable disease
One study assessing influenza in Hutterite populations found that the immunization of children and adolescents led to a protective effect among the community over multiple years of seasonal influenza and provided ~60% herd protection
Category
Infection Prevention and Control
Subject
Communal Living
Transmission
Population
All Pediatrics
All adults
Aged (80+)
Clinical Setting
Community
Public Health
Priority Level
Level 3 completed within 2-3 days
Cite As
Okpalauwaekwe, U; Reeder, B; Howell-Spooner, B; Miller, L. How are Hutterite colonies responding to and coping with COVID-19 prevention and outbreaks? 2020 Jun 12; Document no.: PH061201 RR. In: COVID-19 Rapid Evidence Reviews [Internet]. SK: SK COVID Evidence Support Team, c2020. 16 p. (CEST rapid review report)
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Document Type
Evidence Search Report
Review Code
EOC090201-01 ESR
Question Submitted
September 2, 2020
Date Completed
September 2, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
EOC
Document Type
Evidence Search Report
Review Code
EOC090201-01 ESR
Question Submitted
September 2, 2020
Date Completed
September 2, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
EOC
Category
Infection Prevention and Control
Subject
Screening
Schools
Population
All Pediatrics
Clinical Setting
Public Health
Priority Level
Level 2 completed within 8 hours
Cite As
Mueller, M; Young, C. Is the use of thermometers an effective screening strategy for students in schools during COVID-19? 2020 Sep 2; Document no.: EOC090201-01 ESR. In: COVID-19 Rapid Evidence Reviews [Internet]. SK: SK COVID Evidence Support Team, c2020. 6 p. (CEST evidence search report)
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Document Type
Rapid Review
Review Code
EOC090201 RR
Question Submitted
September 2, 2020
Date Completed
September 4, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
EOC
Document Type
Rapid Review
Review Code
EOC090201 RR
Question Submitted
September 2, 2020
Date Completed
September 4, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
EOC
Key Findings
· Temperature screening has not yet been demonstrated to reduce COVID-19 spread or accurately identify COVID-19 cases in schools. This did not prove to be a useful strategy when implemented in Singapore during the 2003 SARS epidemic. · 14% to 19% of children with COVID-19 have an asymptomatic presentation and fever only develops in less than half of symptomatic pediatric cases. Fever is also a common presentation of childhood illnesses unrelated to COVID-19. · Chemical and plastic-strip thermometers are considered unreliable in pediatric clinical settings and there is also an element of user error with any thermometer type.
Category
Infection Prevention and Control
Subject
Screening
Schools
Population
All Pediatrics
Clinical Setting
Public Health
Priority Level
Level 2 completed within 8 hours
Cite As
Radu, L; Groot, G; Badea, A; Mueller, M; Young, C. Is the use of thermometers an effective screening strategy for students in schools during COVID-19? 2020 Sep 4; Document no.: EOC090201 RR. In: COVID-19 Rapid Evidence Reviews [Internet]. SK: SK COVID Evidence Support Team, c2020. 13 p. (CEST rapid review report)
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Document Type
Rapid Review
Review Code
PH030801 RR
Question Submitted
March 8, 2021
Date Completed
March 30, 2021
Status
6. Cancelled
Research Team
Public Health
Document Type
Rapid Review
Review Code
PH030801 RR
Question Submitted
March 8, 2021
Date Completed
March 30, 2021
Status
6. Cancelled
Research Team
Public Health
Key Findings
Pediatric cases of COVID-19 constitute between 1% to 10% of all confirmed cases of COVID-19; variation exists by jurisdiction.
Few case reports exist of confirmed child-to-other transmission. Contact tracing studies suggest that children are unlikely to be transmitters of the disease. Households are the most likely environments for transmission.
A recent large South Korean contact tracing study however (in pre-print) found that household COVID-19 transmission rates for children age 10-19 were significantly higher than in adults; transmission rates for children age 0-9 were relatively low.
AUGUST 7th, 2020 UPDATE: No new studies examining secondary attack rates of pediatric index cases were found. Studies continue to suggest low transmission from pediatric cases, and high proportion of pediatric cases being asymptomatic to mildly symptomatic.
MARCH 9th, 2021 UPDATE: Variants of Concerns are an emerging threat, but literature on pediatric prevalence and transmissibility is sparse. The British variant seems more transmissible (secondary attack rate higher) but follows the same age-related distribution of cases seen earlier in the pandemic.
Category
Epidemiology
Infection Prevention and Control
Subject
Vaccines
Variants
Pediatrics
Transmission
Schools
Population
All Pediatrics
Clinical Setting
Public Health
Priority Level
Level 2 One week (7 days)
Cite As
Sulaiman, F; Coomaran, V; Muhajarine, N; Dalidowicz, M; Miller, L. What are the effects of the new COVID variants on transmission and school reopenings in pediatric populations? 2021 Mar 30; Document no.: PH030801 RR. In: COVID-19 Rapid Evidence Reviews [Internet]. SK: SK COVID Evidence Support Team, c2020. 14p. (CEST rapid review report)
Similar Reviews
EOC072102-01 ESR
EOC070201v2-01 ESR
EOC081201-01 ESR
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Document Type
Evidence Search Report
Review Code
PH030801v2 ESR
Question Submitted
March 8, 2021
Date Completed
August 18, 2021
Status
6. Cancelled
Research Team
Public Health
Document Type
Evidence Search Report
Review Code
PH030801v2 ESR
Question Submitted
March 8, 2021
Date Completed
August 18, 2021
Status
6. Cancelled
Research Team
Public Health
Notes
Work was not completed before the project was no longer supported
Category
Epidemiology
Infection Prevention and Control
Subject
Variants
Pediatrics
Transmission
Schools
Population
All Pediatrics
Clinical Setting
Public Health
Priority Level
Level 2 One week (7 days)
Cite As
Howell-Spooner, B., Mueller, M. What are the effects of the new COVID variants on transmission and school reopenings in pediatric populations? 2021 Aug 18, Document no.: PH030801v2 ESR. In: COVID-19 Rapid Evidence Reviews [Internet]. SK: SK COVID Evidence Support Team, c2021. 49 p. (CEST evidence search report).
Similar Reviews
EOC072102-01 ESR
EOC070201v2-01 ESR
EOC081201-01 ESR
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Less detail
Document Type
Evidence Search Report
Review Code
CAC061802-01 ESR
Question Submitted
June 18, 2020
Date Completed
July 2, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Clinical/Acute Care
Document Type
Evidence Search Report
Review Code
CAC061802-01 ESR
Question Submitted
June 18, 2020
Date Completed
July 2, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Clinical/Acute Care
Category
Healthcare Services
Administration
Subject
Ethics
Pediatrics
Triage
Acute Care
Population
All Pediatrics
Priority Level
Level 5 completed within 2 weeks
Cite As
Howell-Spooner, B; Dalidowicz, M. What are the ethical principles that underlie pediatric triage protocols? 2020 Jul 2; Document no.: CAC061802-01 ESR. In: COVID-19 Rapid Evidence Reviews [Internet]. SK: SK COVID Evidence Support Team, c2020. 24 p. (CEST evidence search report)
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Less detail
Document Type
Rapid Review
Review Code
CAC061802 RR
Question Submitted
June 18, 2020
Date Completed
July 21, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Clinical/Acute Care
Document Type
Rapid Review
Review Code
CAC061802 RR
Question Submitted
June 18, 2020
Date Completed
July 21, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Clinical/Acute Care
Key Findings
· Key principles for the development of triage scoring systems are 1. Urgency 2. Survival 3. Likelihood of rapid benefit · Triage algorithms should be transparent and accessible, developed by teams with multiple perspectives/expertise · When all factors are equal, allocation should proceed by random/lottery assignment · Must balance egalitarian and utilitarian ideologies – providing equitable access while also providing the greatest benefit to the greatest number of people
Category
Healthcare Services
Administration
Subject
Ethics
Pediatrics
Triage
Acute Care
Population
All Pediatrics
Priority Level
Level 5 completed within 2 weeks
Cite As
Badea, A; Radu, L; Hansen, G; Dalidowicz, M; Howell-Spooner, B. What are the ethical principles that underlie pediatric triage protocols? 2020 Jul 21; Document no.: CAC061802 RR. In: COVID-19 Rapid Evidence Reviews [Internet]. SK: SK COVID Evidence Support Team, c2020. 24 p. (CEST rapid review report)
Related Documents
Documents
Less detail
Document Type
Evidence Search Report
Review Code
CAC061801-01 ESR
Question Submitted
June 18, 2020
Date Completed
July 2, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Clinical/Acute Care
Document Type
Evidence Search Report
Review Code
CAC061801-01 ESR
Question Submitted
June 18, 2020
Date Completed
July 2, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Clinical/Acute Care
Category
Healthcare Services
Administration
Subject
Pediatrics
Triage
Acute Care
Population
All Pediatrics
Priority Level
Level 5 completed within 2 weeks
Cite As
Howell-Spooner, B; Dalidowicz, M. What are the pediatric triage protocols implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic, other pandemics, or in other resource-scarce situations? 2020 Jul 2; Document no.: CAC061801-01 ESR. In: COVID-19 Rapid Evidence Reviews [Internet]. SK: SK COVID Evidence Support Team, c2020. 23 p. (CEST evidence search report)
Related Documents
Documents
Less detail
Document Type
Rapid Review
Review Code
CAC061801 RR
Question Submitted
June 18, 2020
Date Completed
July 13, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Clinical/Acute Care
Document Type
Rapid Review
Review Code
CAC061801 RR
Question Submitted
June 18, 2020
Date Completed
July 13, 2020
Status
3. Completed
Research Team
Clinical/Acute Care
Key Findings
There are currently no validated pediatric triaging scored for COVID
Several US states have pandemic plans, and some pediatric specific for triage and scarce resource allocation
A number of pandemic plans include the use of PELOD-2 either in isolation or in combination with a mortality prognosis (survival > 1 year, death within 5 years despite successful treatment, death within 1 year despite successful treatment for ICU triage
While some states do not have pediatric-specific triage criteria, they do list young age as a prioritization category
Several sources discuss the ethics of scarce resource allocation and pediatric hospitals
Most recommend using a prioritization scale to save the most lives with the least resources vs. “first come, first serve” methods
Category
Healthcare Services
Administration
Subject
Pediatrics
Triage
Acute Care
Population
All Pediatrics
Priority Level
Level 5 completed within 2 weeks
Cite As
Badea, A; Groot, G; Howell-Spooner, B; Dalidowicz, M. What are the pediatric triage protocols implemented during the COVID-19 pandemic, other pandemics, or in other resource-scarce situations? 2020 Jul 13; Document no.: CAC061801 RR. In: COVID-19 Rapid Evidence Reviews [Internet]. SK: SK COVID Evidence Support Team, c2020. 23 p. (CEST rapid review report)
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26 records – page 1 of 3.